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The state encompasses some sites of the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation , such as Lothal , Dholavira , and Gola Dhoro. Lothal is believed to be one of the world's first seaports. Gujarat's coastal cities, chiefly Bharuch and Khambhat , served as ports and trading centers in the Maurya and Gupta empires, and during the succession of royal Saka dynasties from the Western Satraps era. Gujarat is one of three Indian states to prohibit the sale of alcohol .

Modern-day Gujarat is derived from Sanskrit term Gurjaradesa , meaning the land of the Gurjars , supposedly a subtribe of the Huns which ruled Gujarat in the 8th and 9th centuries CE. [15] [16] [17] [18] Parts of modern Rajasthan and Gujarat have been known as Gurjaratra or Gurjarabhumi (land of the Gurjars) for centuries before the Mughal period. [19]

Gujarat was one of the main central areas of the Indus Valley Civilization . [20] It contains ancient metropolitan cities from the Indus Valley such as Lothal , Dholavira , and Gola Dhoro . The ancient city of Lothal was where India's first port was established. The ancient city of Dholavira is one of the largest and most prominent archaeological sites in India, belonging to the Indus Valley Civilization. The most recent discovery was Gola Dhoro. Altogether, about 50 Indus Valley settlement ruins have been discovered in Gujarat. [21]

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